The cross: archetypal image
The cross it’s a easy geometric determine, made up of two perpendicular strains at proper angles. This kind, identified to varied civilizations, is an archetypal image that has all the time been interpreted as a “passage”, a mediation between the Earth and the sky, the finite and the infinite, the contingent and the everlasting. The intersection of the 2 axes, the fifth “level” of the cross is taken into account concurrently the middle of the circle and the middle of the sq., which permits communication between two worlds: Heaven and Earth, the finite and the infinite. That time is the middle of the cosmos, the onphalonthe way it was.
Recognized in historical cultures to point life and the divine – within the Egyptian world, for instance, the pharaoh held the ansata cross in his arms, which alludes to the reward of rebirth and immortality – the cross has turn into the Christian image par excellence, taking on, for the reason that first centuries, a number of anthropological and cosmological values. The Fathers of the Church have elaborated innumerable reflections on the Cross.
Thus, if for Giustino Martire (110-163 / 167) man differs from different animals in that he’s erect and might stretch out his arms, thus indicating the form of the cross, for the bishop Maximus of Turin (380-420) a person who he walks and elevating his arms, just like the vault of heaven itself, is within the form of a cross. It turns into the seal of creation, the key that lives within the coronary heart of the cosmos, a lot wanted by Greek philosophy and now lastly acknowledged. The Christian religion can thus give a reputation to what was sought by the Greek philosophers, beginning with the Pre-Socratics after which Plato.
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